The Afghanistan national cricket team represents the country of Afghanistan in international cricket and eleventh Test cricket playing Full Member nation. Cricket has been played there since the mid 19th century, but it is only in recent years that the national team has become successful. The AfghanistanCricket Board was formed in 1995 and became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2001 and a member of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) in 2003.

They are ranked 9th in International Twenty20 cricket as of 7 January 2017 ahead of full members Bangladesh and Zimbabwe. In the same year they won their first Intercontinental Cup, beating Scotland in the final. They also won the Asia Vs Caribbean T20 Championship and beat Trindad and Tobago, Bangladesh and Barbados.

After nearly a decade of playing top class international cricket, on 22 June 2017, in an ICC meeting in London, full ICC membership (Test status) was granted to Afghanistan (concurrently with Ireland), thus making them the eleventh Test cricket playing nation